World Day against Child Labour 12Jun 2022
The World Day Against Child Labour is an International Labour Organization-sanctioned holiday first launched in 2002 aiming to prevent child labour.
Definition of child labor:-
The Word “child labor” is often defined as work that deprives children of childhood, their potential, and their dignity, and is detrimental to their physical and mental development. Work refers to things that are: emotionally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to a children.
The main cause of child labour:-
Child labor and exploitation are the result of many factors, including poverty, social norms, lack of suitable employment opportunities for adults and their adolescents, immigration and emergencies. These factors are not only the cause but also the result of strong social inequality by inequality.
* Why do we celebrate children’s labor day?
The importance of World Day Against Child Labor is to pay attention to the problem of child labor and find ways to eradicate it. The day was used to spread awareness about the dangerous mental and physical problems faced by children forced into child labor around the world.
7 causes of child labor:-
1/ Poor access to decent work
If young people do not have access to security, social security, fair wages, equality for men and women, and a place for workers to voice their views, they often have no choice but to engage in dangerous work. When a child above the minimum working age performs hazardous work, it is also considered child labor.
When families are unable to meet their basic needs such as food, water, education or healthcare, they have no choice but to send their children to work to provide for their families. Poverty is considered one of the main causes of child labor because it is associated with other driving factors: low literacy and enrollment rates, lack of suitable employment opportunities, natural disasters and climate change, conflict and mass displacement. Poverty and child labor form a vicious circle, without addressing one we cannot eradicate the other.
3/ Natural disasters and climate change
The effects of natural disasters and climate change are increasingly worrisome. Rural households that rely on reliable sons for cultivation are particularly at risk for rainfall, soil erosion or climate change. When crops are lost or farmland is lost, families struggle to make a living and are more likely to send their children to work on neighboring farms and in industries.
4/ Against child labor
With 152 million children involved in child labor worldwide, we still have a long way to go. Programs and policies in communities where child labor occurs and its causes are considered can make real and sustainable progress in combating child labor.
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5/ Conflict and mass transfer
More than half of those displaced by war are children, according to the ILO. These children are particularly vulnerable to exploitation, including child labour, due to increased economic shocks, disruptions in social assistance, basic education and services, and child protection services.
The prevalence of child labor in conflict-affected countries is almost twice the global average. Children are also at risk for engaging in armed conflict, considered the worst form of child labour.
6/ Limited ideas about child labor
When families do not understand about the dangers of child labour, and how it affects their children’s health, safety, welfare and future, they are more likely to send their children to work. Certain cultural beliefs and social norms can also be drivers of child labour.
7/ Lack of quality education opportunities
The school needs to have a welcoming environment, appropriate class sizes, curriculum designed for the local context and accessible to the rural community. Sending children out of school and out of harmful work is one thing, but keeping them there means creating a quality education for all.
Which country has the highest number of child labourers?
In absolute terms, child labor for the 5-17 year age group is highest in India (5.8 million), followed by Bangladesh (5.0 million), Pakistan (3.4 million) and Nepal (2.0 million).
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World Day against Child Labour 12Jun 2022
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